If a person has said for diagnosing of HIV by the doctor, then it’s essential for them to screen their present condition on a progressing report about their immune system. Generally, in the pathology labs, a few tests are utilized to do this. The two most regular measures for evaluating HIV transmission are counting of CD4 cells present in the immune system and another is a load of viral.
CD4 check counting test
Firstly HIV targets and reduces the CD4 cells presented in the blood. These are a kind of white platelet or WBC (White Blood Cells) found in the body. If you don’t go for proper treatment then the CD4 cells will diminish after some time as the infection assaults it very much.
If these cells count reaches up to 200 or less than 200 cells for each cubic millimetre of blood, they’ll get an analysis of AIDS now.
Early and powerful treatment can enable men and women to keep up a solid CD4 cell counting and keep the advancement of AIDS. On the off chance that treatment is regular and on time, the CD4 counting increases also which means our immune system is working better.
prophylactic antibiotics s recommended by the doctors to control this demises of the cells because If these cells reduce under specific dimensions, their danger of building up other issues in the body increments generously.
A load of viral
When HIV is transmitted from one person to another person then this viral burden either become unpredictable or low. A viral burden is a proportion of the measure of HIV in the blood. At the point when the viral burden of a man or woman is low, they can create AIDS or something relevant issue.
If the HIV positive patient is taking their medicine as prescribed by the doctor then the infection is controlled or low and prevents HIV virus to transmit the infection.
After pathology test doctor can quantify the viral burden to screen the adequacy of HIV treatment further and the status of the sickness in the body.
If the patient keeps up an imperceptible viral burden, it means that they’re probably not going to create AIDS.
In this process, a lab tester may perform tests to learn if a strain of HIV is impervious to any prescriptions utilized in treatment. This can enable the doctors to choose which hostile to HIV medicine routine is generally suitable for the patient.
Diseases responsible for AIDS
Apart from these important test AIDS can also happen by some other disease so the test can be separated for them, such as:
- Fungal diseases
- Intestinal diseases
- Parasitic infection of the mind
- Brain disease
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Yeast infection
- Lung infection
- Bacterial infection
- Extreme weight loss
- Ulcers not recovering for more than one month
- Cervical cancer
Some tests are also done for analyzing and monitoring the kidney and liver functions.