More Than Eye And Mouth Dryness: Sjogren’s Syndrome


Sjogren’s syndrome (articulated as Show-grins) is a disorder of the immune system that influences the eyes and the mouth even the whole body. The dryness of the eyes may leave the eyes feeling dirty or sandy and they may tingle. The dryness of the mouth may feel as a sentiment of cotton and this symptom might be present to the degree that it could be difficult to accept or talk.

Immune system disorder and Sjogren’s syndrome 

Immune system disorder or diseases refers to the strange working of the resistant system. Instead of helping the body battle against diseases, the system tends to attack the organs of the body. The cells that usually fight off disease and illness dispatch an assault on the glands that are responsible for delivering tears and saliva.

If anyone is suffering from this disorder then your immune system attacks glands that make tear and saliva. This damages the glands and causes dry mouth and eyes especially. It is usually joined via immune system disorders such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. Because it is a risky disorder, therefore, it must be considered important and the condition must be gone up against as soon as possible.


The primary symptom of Sjogren’s syndrome is dry eyes and dry mouth as discussed above. Apart from the eye and mouth, Sjogren’s syndrome may also influence the nose, throat, veins, lungs, digestive organs, nerves, liver, skin, pancreas, cerebrum and kidneys. There are some other symptoms which you should know:

  • Skin Rashes
  • Thyroid problems
  • Dryness in skin
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Chronic dry cough
  • Pain in joints and muscles
  • Numbness and shivering in the arms and legs

Sjogren’s syndrome and pregnancy 

As per research, this immune system disease can jump out at individuals everything being equal yet it is progressively basic to individuals who are more than 40 to 45 years of age, and ladies are ten times increasingly susceptible to this condition contrasted with men. Numerous pregnant ladies nowadays are gotten in surprise when they gained the bad news from their doctors that they are suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome. It started with a snapshot of constant stress and nervousness because the disease exposes their babies to higher risks such as heart problems and even sometimes death too.

Indeed, many women diagnosed with rheumatic diseases such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis are at more serious risk of suffering from Sjogren’s syndrome. Ladies who have been diagnosed with Sjogren’s syndrome should consult the doctors especially when they are thinking to increase their family. It can really increase a lady’s risk for miscarriage. Ladies who are suffering from this condition usually have antibodies known as antiphospholipid. It makes the blood progressively inclined to thickening. Thus, miscarriage is bound to happen when the blood in the placenta has coagulated.

Numerous babies were lost over the span of pregnancy because of this disease. It really causes the liquid to be loaded up with solidified crystal type particles which can suffocate and execute the creating child in the uterus. This immune system disease can cause inherent heart square which is portrayed by an unusual heart mood or rate in a newborn child. Also, doctors need to deliberately screen the condition of the child all through the pregnancy. As indicated by research, inborn heart square sometimes necessitates early time delivery. In exceptionally uncommon cases, Sjogren’s syndrome increases the fetus’ risk of heart problems. Also, it heightens the child’s susceptibility to lupus.  At the point when this happens, doctors usually prescribe regular basis medications to decrease the problem.

Sometimes certain pills taken for other problems can cause dryness. Even menopause condition is associated with symptoms of dryness too.

Important test and diagnosis

To diagnose this risky syndrome, the specialist performs a physical test and ask for the history of any kind of diseases you had. Along with the symptoms of this disorder, results from research and certain diagnostic tests help to formulate the diagnosis of Sjogren’s syndrome. Keep in mind that no single test can assure the diagnosis by itself. 

Here is the list of that significant three tests:

Eye test

These incorporate an eye test which is used to measure dryness in your eye. One more rose bengal test detects scratches on the surface of the eye. The Rose-Bengal staining test support to determine whether there is inflammation of the cornea.

Blood test

various blood tests will be done to check for specific antibodies that signifies the presence of immune system disease.

Biopsy Test

A lip biopsy might be done to check for clusters of provocative cells.


Surgery may sometimes be prescribed by doctors so as to seal the tear ducts in the eyes which empty tears in outside part. Also, silicone plugs or collagens are then inserted into the ducts for transitory closure which are evacuated later by the doctors as per need.

For eye

 If there is a problem in the eye then some doctors suggest the use of quality eye drops which can lessen the irritation of the glands surrounding the eyes, so as to increase the generation of tears. You should also apply water in your eyes gently to prevent dryness. Although sometimes artificial tears in various aspects help replace minimized tear production. It containing extra preservatives that cause irritation too.

For mouth

Chewing gum can also help in keeping the mouth from getting dry. Sugarless lemon drops can also help in promoting the generation of saliva. Also, drinking a lot of water and juice and getting satisfactory dental consideration can help in anticipating mouth dryness. You can also use the best quality lip balm for dry lips.

For nasals

For nasal dryness, patients can use nasal saline water system and humidifiers.

You know the mean time from the prevention of symptoms to the diagnosis of Sjogren’s syndrome is said to be more than 5 to 6 years. So at last treatments for Sjogren’s syndrome are generally guided towards giving control to its symptoms on the first priority.

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